What is Hair Transplant?
Hair transplantation is taken into account as a surgical method that removes hair follicles from one a part of the body, which is named the ‘donor site’, to a bald or balding a part of the body called the ‘recipient site’. This technique is especially wont to cure male pattern baldness. In this nominal invasive method, grafts having hair follicles that are genetically unaffected by the balding (like the back-side of the head) are transplanted to the bald part of the head. Hair transplantation is also used to put back eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair, pubic hair that have fallen off and to fill in wounds or marks caused by accidents or surgeries such as face-lifts and earlier hair transplants. Hair transplantation differs from skin grafting therein grafts contain most of the epidermis and dermis surrounding the follicle, and lots of tiny grafts are transplanted instead of a single strip of skin.
Hair transplant surgery should be performed by experts and professional as these are critical treatments for the patients. Dr. Shobha Jindal from her years of experienced has gained expertise in the field and professionalism.
Procedure of Hair-Transplant
- Pre-operative assessment and planning
At an early consultation, the surgeon examines the patient’s scalp, discusses their desires and expectations, and advises them on the best approach and what outcomes can reasonably be expected.
- Harvesting Method
Transplant surgeries are done on an outpatient basis, with light sedation (optional) and injected common anaesthesia. The scalp is cleaned then treated with an antibacterial agent before the donor scalp being harvested.
- Strip Harvesting
Strip harvesting (also called follicular unit transplantation or FUT) is the most commonly used technique for removal of hair and follicles from a donor site. The surgeon puts a strip of skin from the posterior scalp, in a neighbourhood of excellent hair growth.
- Follicular unit extraction (FUE)
With Follicular Unit Extraction or FUE harvesting, individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under common anaesthesia; this micro removal typically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. The surgeon then uses very small micro blades or fine needles to puncture the sites for receiving the grafts, placing them during a predetermined density and pattern, and angling the wounds during a consistent fashion to market a sensible hair pattern. The technicians generally do the last word a neighbourhood of the procedure, inserting the individual grafts in place.
- Follicular unit transplant
Follicular unit transplantation (FUT) is that the traditional hair transplant method which involves extracting a linear strip of hair-bearing skin from the rear or the side of the scalp. The strip is then dissected to separate individual grafts.
- Robotic hair restoration
Robotic hair restoration devices utilize cameras and robotic arms to assist the surgeon with the FUE procedure. In 2009, NeoGraft became the primary robotic surgical device FDA approved for hair restoration. The ARTAS System was FDA approved in 2011 to be used in harvesting follicular units from brown-haired and black-haired men.
Types of Hair Transplant Surgeries
There are several types of hair-transplant surgeries which include-
* Androgenetic alopecia
* Eyebrow transplant
* Frontal hair line lowering or reconstruction
If donor hair numbers from the back of the head are not enough, it is manageable to perform body hair transplantation (BHT) on suited candidates who have the availability of donor hair on the body parts like chest, back, shoulders, torso and/or legs. Body hair transplant surgery can only be exercised through FUE harvesting method and, so, the skills of an experienced and professional FUE surgeon are needed. However, there are many factors for a possible BHT candidate to think about before surgery. These include understanding the natural difference in textural characteristics between hair and scalp hair, growth rates, and having realistic expectations about the results of BHT surgery.
Advances in wound care leave semi-permeable dressing, which permit seepage of blood and tissue fluid, to be applied and altered a minimum of daily. The vulnerable recipient area must be shielded from the sun, and shampooing is started two days after the surgery. Some surgeons will have the patient shampoo the day after surgery. Shampooing is vital to stop scabs from forming round the hair shaft. Scabs adhere to the hair shaft and increase the danger of losing newly transplanted hair follicles during the primary 7 to 10 days post-op.
Post-operative patients are well treated and taken care of with proper advice through Dr. Shobha Jindal, everything concerning the patient is well treated and taken care of.
Hair thinning, which is also known as “shock loss”, is a very commonly occurring side effect that is not permanent usually. Bald patches are also common, as 50 to 100 hairs can fall off each day. Post-operative hiccups have also been seen in around 4% of transplant patients.
Costing of Hair Transplant in India
Hair transplants in India can be costly and not affordable by many patients facing hair loss.
The approximate cost of hair transplant in India can range to Rs. 20- Rs. 30 per graft, and each graft contains 1-3 hair follicles. Hair Transplant by Dr. Shobha Jindal is much affordable and effective, many patients who are not able to conduct their hair transplant surgery due to pricing factors can approach Dr. Shobha Jindal.